What is CGM? (Continuous Glucose Monitoring)

What is CGM? (Continuous Glucose Monitoring)

30 April 2021

Diabetes

 

Globally, patients diagnosed with diabetes increase each year. According to the WHO, more than 422 million people have diabetes. In Bulgaria, an EU member state, more than 500,000 people are diagnosed with diabetes. Over time, diabetes can be dangerous to your health. If not managed carefully, diabetes can cause damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves. Insulin and other supplies are critical for people living with diabetes. To understand diabetes better, learn about the different types of diabetes below.

 

4 Types of Diabetes

 

  • Type 1 diabetes: An autoimmune disease, which results in little or no insulin produced by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas. 1 in 10 diabetes patients have Type 1 diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Occurs when the organism becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in the blood. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin and/or cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar.
  • Prediabetes: Occurs when blood sugar is higher than it should be, but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes: High blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

 

Every patient with diabetes should have a BGM (Blood Glucose Monitor) to control blood sugar levels. Patients with diabetes need to check glucose levels regularly with their BGM. Finger pricking may be painful and may expose some patients to the risk of infection from diseases such as hepatitis B. To avoid finger pricking and improve their glycemic control, diabetics may benefit from CGM use.

 

Continuous Glucose Monitor

 

CGM can be a very helpful aid for diabetic patients. A Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) system includes a minimally-invasive glucose sensor, a transmitter and a receiver. A CGM sensor is inserted in the skin and monitors glucose levels in the interstitial fluid. CGM systems usually last for up to 14 days. The CGM sensor should be changed after each session. CGM systems measure glucose levels continuously and in real time. CGM sensors eliminate to a great extent painful finger pricking. CGMs connect to a smartphone application or a PDM, where you can monitor glucose levels.

Medtrum A7+ TouchCare сензор за кръвна захар

 

Continuous glucose monitoring system emerged in 1999. The first long-term blood glucose measurement system was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Over the years, the companies Dexcom, Medtronic, Abbott and Eversense have developed the technology and with subsequent developments achieved greater accuracy and sensor life. CGM sensors now last up to 14 days and measure blood sugar every 2 minutes. 

 

CGM System

 

A CGM system for continuous glucose monitoring is compact, waterproof, and barely noticeable through clothing. A CGM system consists of:

  • a sensor which is inserted in the body, measures glucose levels and used up to 14 days.
  • a transmitter, which is either integrated into the sensor or is available separately for long-term use. The transmitter sends data from the sensor to a smartphone device.
  • a smartphone where an application is required to connect with a CGM sensor. The application monitors and stores glucose data. Applications come with Glucose Alerts for High/Low readings and Rapid Rise/Fall of glucose levels. Some models support separate PDMs (Personal Diabetes Managing device).

 

Medtrum A7+ сензор продължително измерване на кръвна захар

Pros
  • Up to 14 days
  • Real time glucose monitoring
  • Glucose Alerts for low/high glucose levels.
  • Better glycemic control when used regularly
  • Glucose data is stored for a long period of time.
  • Easy to use mobile applications for 24/7 monitoring and alerts.
  • Reimbursed by National or Private Health Funds in some countries.
  • Remote view application (Medtrum TouchCare)

 

Cons
  • Expensive if not reimbursed.
  • Inaccurate if inserted or calibrated inappropriately
  • Must be used carefully to meet the life-expectancy.
  • Does not entirely replace blood glucose meter (BGM)
  • Additional adhesives or an armband needed to protect from falling off.
  • Additional attention and care is required for the sensor, e.g. being careful how you sleep, exercise, avoiding contact sports, etc.

 

We are looking forward to even more advanced and durable glucose monitoring solutions in the future. At this point, CGMs can make a diabetic's life easier. Almost any patient with diabetes can use CGM sensors to measure glucose levels in real time. 

 

Medtrum TouchCare A7+

 

Medtrum TouchCare A7+ is a CGM system for up to 14 days use. It measures your glucose levels every 2 minutes. This CGM system comes with handy applications, including a remote view application. The TouchCare CGM requires calibration every 24 hours and is reimbursed in several EU countries.

 

In September 2021, the NHIF in Bulgaria approved the Medtrum TouchCare A7+ system for reimbursement and it is now free for patients meeting certain criteria. Helmed Bulgaria is the official representative of Medtrum Technologies Inc. in Bulgaria.

External Fracture Treatment. No orthopedic implants and screws.

read more

Hospital admission with reduced waiting time and real-time bed data.

read more

Столичната регионална здравна инспекция въведе временни противоепидемични мерки в град София

read more

Запознайте се с реда на отпускането на сензори за кръвна захар по здравна каса.

read more

More than 300 confirmed cases around the globe.

read more

You may be eligible for Medtrum CGM in Bulgaria. Check the requirements.

read more

Има ли повод за притеснение относно хепатита при деца?

read more

IV infusion set: An essential medical device.

read more

Кога и защо е необходимо да започнете лечение с хемодиализа?

read more

Защо е необходимо да смените маската си с FFP2 маска с по-добра защита.

read more

Why you should not expect them to be the same after each measurement?

read more

Процедурата за закупуване на тестове за началото на 2022 е отменена.

read more

Японска компания разкри прототип на обещаващия си продукт.

read more

Какво знаем за новия вариант на коронавируса Омикрон и тестването.

read more

Bone Cement Spacers with Antibiotic for effective treatment.

read more

Final EXW price as low as 3.60 EUR/box. International shipping.

read more

Качествени и безопасни нитрилни ръкавици.

read more

Дългоочакваното реимбурсиране на сензорите за кръвна захар ще започне до края на Септември 2021.

read more

Какви промени ще настъпят след като новият регламент MDR замести старият MDD?

read more

Kомпактна инсулинова помпа, която контролираш от смартфона си? Вече е възможно.

read more

Какво означава EN 455 стандартът за качество при еднократните ръкавици?

read more

The exclusive G21 distributor for Bulgaria.

read more