Diabetes is the cause of about 500,000 people in Bulgaria and almost half a billion people globally. The statistics do not include undiagnosed people or people who may develop diabetes further in life. The percentage of diabetes in Bulgaria and around the world is increasing each year but thankfully technology has a solution to make diabetes more manageable.
Among the types of diabetes are:
Every diabetic knows the traditional and even old-fashioned measuring devices for blood sugar which bring temporary discomfort caused by the pricking of fingers. Diabetics purchase test strips, lancets, needles and other diabetes-soothing equipment regularly but come on! There should be other ways to battle this.
High-tech blood measuring devices have been on the market for years. Continuous glucose monitoring systems monitor glucose levels in the interstitial fluid in real time without finger pricking. These innovative glucometers use a sensor, with a patch underneath, which is usually applied on the arm or on the stomach. They measure blood sugar levels without pricking your fingers several times a day. The sensor connects to your smartphone or other external device.
On the other hand, the future holds non-invasive glucose monitoring bracelets or watches but so far the sensors are minimally-invasive, smartphone-connected and barely visibile through clothes.
A Continuous Glucose Monitoring system, usually in the form of a glucose sensor, is a minimally-invasive system compatible with type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients. The purpose of the system is to measure blood sugar through the interstitial fluid in the human body. The system is called "continuous" because it measures without interruption and in real-time. CGM operates without blood and finger-pricking. Another advantage of CGM is that you can connect it to your smartphone device via a Bluetooth mobile application.
Continuous glucose monitoring system emerged in 1999. The first long-term blood glucose measurement system was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Over the years, the companies Dexcom, Medtronic, Abbott and Eversense have developed the technology and with subsequent developments, achieved greater accuracy of their sensors. Now sensors last up to 14 days, although some can do even 20 days with additional care.
The system for continuous glucose monitoring is compact, waterproof, barely noticeable through your clothes. The sensor system consists of:
Depending on the country where you live in, CGMs are relatively easy to find. Here are the advantages:
And the disadvantages:
We expect to see even more modern and durable glucose monitoring solutions in the future. At this stage, CGMs can make every diabetic's life easier. Any patient with diabetes can start using glucose sensors to measure blood sugar more conveniently. The CGM system alerts the user for sudden deviations, peaks, highs and lows of glucose levels, which is essential to many patients with diabetes.
In Bulgaria, the National Health Insurance Fund is expected to reimburse glucose sensors for patients in 2021. The Health Insurance Fund will announce its decision at the beginning of April 2021. Learn more about the decision of the National Health Insurance Fund on our website.
Helmed Bulgaria offers CGM Medtrum A7+ TouchCare.
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